Long Pepper (Piper longum)
Common Name: Long Pepper
Origin: Southeast Asia (continental), India
When you think of the medieval pepper trade, you would probably think of sacks of black pepper corns, but long pepper apparently used to be prized even more highly – and therefore, traded more – than black pepper.
The aroma and pungency of long pepper is considerably different from that of the (nowadays) more usual black pepper; much more perfumed and aromatic and rather less pungent.